More Regional Displacements
Conflict in the Central African Republic(CAR) began in December of last year when the rebel groups The Union of Democratic Forces for Unity(UFDR), the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace(CPJP) and the Patriotic Convention for Saving the Country(CPSK) formed an alliance against CAR’s president Francois Bozize. These rebel groups are based mainly out of north-eastern territories in the CAR and have occupied major cities and towns in the central and eastern regions of the country.
Thousands of civilians have already been displaced due to the overtaking of the rebel groups; people have fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad and even the President Francois Bozize himself found refuge in Cameroon after militants captured the capital of Bangui. Over 170,000 people have become internally displaced over the last four months and the situation is ongoing.
Regional heads of state chose not to acknowledge the rebel leader Michel Djotodia at an emergency summit last week. Following the summit and the death of 13 soldiers, South Africa, who had stationed troops in interest of a business deal, pulled roughly 200 troops of their own out of the rebellion in Bangui.
The border dispute between Malawi and Tanzania has been dormant for many years and has recently been reactivated due to the possibility of an oil find under Lake Malawi. Since 1890, Malawi has had ownership of the lake with disputes of validity constantly coming from Tanzania.
Surestream Petroleum won the contract to oil drilling in Lake Malawi roughly one year ago and has been conducting an environmental survey since then in order to establish the impact that drilling might have on such an environment. The possibility for oil drilling relays concerns to local fishermen, and others who earn a living from the lake and its natural resources.
Here is a video that gives a good overview of the situation and provides some local’s view’s on oil drilling below the lake:
Joyce Banda, President of Malawi, claims that the Mozambique mediation approach has been compromised due to a leak of Malawi’s information to Tanzanian officials. Now, Banda suggests that the two countries face time in court in order to settle this international dispute.